Establishment of the Town
The town of Dolores was established in the year 1834. It was decided by the provincial officials of Batangas and Tayabas, with the concurrence of bishop of Nueva Caceres and later approved by the Gobernador y Capitan General de las Islas Pilipinas and the Archbishop of Manila, that a town be established in the immediate vicinity of Sitio Hambujan. The place (now Barangay Sta. Lucia) was a famous bathing place at that time.
On April 11, 1835, the Gobernador Heneral issued a decree establishing the boundary of the new “pueblo” of Nuestra Senora de los Dolores.
Inauguration of the New Town Government
On May 23, 1835, the local government of Nuestra Senora de los Dolores was inaugurated with Don Francisco Fernando as its first Governadorcillo. The seat of the new town was then Barrio de Maranli (the present site of the town proper-Poblacion). The seat of government was transferred from Poblacion to Barangay Bulakin II (present site) since September of 1966.
Near the foot of Mt. Banahaw, along the western boundary of Quezon Province lies the town of Dolores. It is about 100 kilometers south of Metro Manila and 46 kilometers northwest of the Provincial Capital, Lucena City. It is adjacent to San Pablo City, Laguna, bounded on the north by Nagcarlan, Laguna, on the south by Tiaong, Quezon, on the east by Lucban, Quezon and on the southeast by Candelaria, Quezon.
Dolores is located on predominantly level to undulating terrain with the majority of land having a slope grade of less than 3%.
There are essentially two main seasons in Dolores: a wet season that extends from June to November, and a dry season that runs from January to April, with May and December being the changeover months.
Freshwater, Lakes, Rivers and Streams
Mt. Banahaw watershed sustains water for creeks, rivers, and falls. Even rivers traverse the national park namely: Balayong, Maimpis, Liliw, Dalawitan, Malinao, Nagcarlan and San Diego. These river systems directly provide water for domestic, irrigation and recreational purposes of nearby municipalities. Lagnas River originating from Kinabuhayan has religious significance for residents and visitors. Mt. Banahaw (Dolores side) is also rich with falls some of which are Sta. Lucia Falls, Suplina and Crystalino Falls.
There are two lakes located in Brgy. Dagatan: Manlalayes and Gunao Lake. Manlalayes is dry during summer and fills during rainy season.
A portion of Mt. Banahaw protected landscape Dolores side covers a total of 1150 hectares.
Trade & Commerce
Major business establishments:
- Rural Bank of Dolores
- Card Bank
- Makatao Lending Investors
- Dolores Development Cooperative
- General Telephone System Inc.
Other businesses are dominated by retail of agricultural supply meat and vegetable stalls, dry goods, drug stores, sari-sari stores, bakeries and eateries at the public market. Other retail stores are situated at strategic part of Poblacion and rural areas.
A new slaughterhouse is located at the north end of Barangay Bagong Anyo, about 350 meters away from the town center.
Dolores is primarily an agricultural municipality with a total land area of 6035 hectares, 3858.29 hectares are devoted to production of high values crops, other areas are planted with coconut, rambutan, citrus, lanzones and other fruit trees. About 80% percent of the total population is engaged in crop production and livestock.
The people of Dolores are naturally warm and friendly. They practice simple life that is devoted to their beliefs and the family. The annual foundation day celebration of Dolores is commemorated with the conduct of three activities; the cultural presentations, Street Party, and the highlight, the Hambujan Festival. It features street dancing and ritual competition which should value the four major elements of nature; wind, water, fire and earth.